What is Ambien
Ambien used as a brand name for zolpidem as a sedative-hypnotic medicine. Amongst others, is a medication primarily used for the short term treatment of sleep problems. It is categorized as a non-benzodiazepine hypnotic medication, the chemical structure of this drug was designed to reproduce the effects of benzodiazepine on the central nervous system without the potential for abuse or addiction.
Zolpidem was approved for medical use in the United States in 1992 and became available as a generic medication in 2007. It is a scheduled controlled substance under the controlled substance Act of 1970 because it can be abused or lewd to dependence.
Like benzodiazepines, Ambien acts on receptor cells in the brains that bind with GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), a brain chemical that influences sleep and other neurological activities. Ambien generally has a half-life of about 2-3 hours, however, is increased in those with liver problems.
Although Ambien was originally intended to produce less drowsiness than other sleep medications, research has shown that at higher doses, the drug can remain active in the individual the morning after it is taken. It decreases the time to sleep onset by about 15mins and at larger doses help people stay asleep longer, it is available in conventional tablets, sublingual tablets or oral sprays.
Individuals who take Ambien for non-medical reasons are at risk of experiencing an intensification is adverse side effects such as memory loss, depression, anxiety, loss of pleasure and difficulty concentrating.
Although Ambien is classified as a sedative, this drug can give the user a rush of energy and euphoria when it is abused at high doses. However, misusing this drug can result in extreme drowsiness, confusion and clumsiness, all of which increase the risk of falls, fractures and other accidental injuries.
Taking Ambien with other drugs that depress the central nervous system such as alcohol, opioid pain medications or tranquillizers, intensifies the sedative effects of Ambien and heightens the risk of overdose or injury.
Also, depression was suicidal thoughts have been observed in some individuals who have taken Ambien. Ambien is a federally controlled substance, selling or giving it away may harm others and it is against the law, and it is usually limited to a short term treatment period of 1-2 weeks less
What is Ambien CR
Ambien cr is a zolpidem titrate extended-release tablet indicated for the treatment of insomnia characterized by difficulty with sleep onset and or sleep maintenance. Ambien cr is a non-narcotic and a non-benzodiazepine formulated to offer a similar safety profile to Ambien with a new indication for sleep maintenance in addition to sleep induction.
Ambien cr consists of a coated two-layer tablet, one layer releases the drug content immediately and the other layer allows a slower release of additional drug content into the body to help provide more continuous sleep. Ambien is available in 12.5mg dose recommended for adults and 6.25mg dose recommended for the elderly.
The 6.25mg Ambien cr tablet contains the following inactive ingredients such as colloidal silicon dioxide, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose and potassium bi titrate.
While the 12.5mg Ambien tablet contains the following inactive ingredients such as colloidal silicon dioxide, lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethene glycol, potassium bitartrate, titanium dioxide and yellow ferric oxide. Ambien cr is the first and only extended-release prescription sleep medication to help people with insomnia fall asleep fast and maintain sleep with no significant decrease in next-day performance.
Common side effects of Ambien cr include confusion, agitation, aggression, hallucinations and suicidal thought, also memory loss, anxiety, trouble breathing and nausea. Ambien cr has shown evidence of promoting sleep onset and more continuous sleep, the safety efficacy, the active ingredient in Ambien cr has been reinforced.
Effects of Ambien and Alcohol
Combining Ambien and alcohol can be incredibly dangerous. Both are these drugs are central nervous system depressants, meaning they slow down the brain and body. Anytime drugs mix in the system, serious and dangerous side effects can occur,somnambulance is one of the most dangerous and surprisingly common side effects of ingesting alcohol and Ambien together.
Both alcohol and Ambien are substances that slow the system within the body, Ambien does so immediately and alcohol has a prolonged effect. Together they provide enhanced sleep and relaxation effect, they also go further to sedate the user for an extended period of time. Because of the strength of this medication and its potential for long term abuse, Ambien prescriptions are typically limited to 1-2 weeks.
Many intoxicating substances can interact with Ambien in dangerous ways and one of the most commonly abused even unintentionally is alcohol. When alcohol and Ambien are ingested together, many of the more dangerous physical side effects of Ambien are enhanced.
This mixture also increases the risk of Ambien overdose, not because the individual takes too much Ambien while drinking alcohol, but because dangerous side effects are more likely to occur when these two drugs are mixed. Consequently, when mixed alcohol and Ambien can enhance each other’s intoxicating effects in the following ways: dizziness, confusion, slowed speech, overdose, sleepwalking and depressed breathing.
About Ambien Withdrawal
Ambien is a brand name for zolpidem a sleep-inducing medication that in recent years has become more frequently abused. Ambien is sometimes used recreationally, which includes taking larger doses than prescribed or intentionally staying awake after taking it to take advantage of the drugs intoxicating effect. Ambien dependence is more likely in people with a history of drug or alcohol misuse.
Withdrawing from Ambien is difficult partly because of the changes that are taking place in the brain, withdrawal symptoms are a result of the brain trying to reestablish normal activity. Withdrawal from Ambien has the opposite effect of taking the drug, and abruptly stopping doses of Ambien leads to more severe symptoms. Ambien withdrawal can be mild, moderate or severe, it can also be acute or protracted.
Those who take larger doses over a longer period of time generally have the most intense symptoms. Heavy Ambien users are likely to struggle with withdrawal symptoms for a longer period time period than moderate users. Ambien misuse is most common amongst teenagers and young adults. Also, recreational use in social situations sometimes develops into a regular habit. The drug is sometimes used as a substitute for other substances or to counterbalance the effects of stimulants and is sometimes snorted or injected for the purpose.
Many withdrawal symptoms are associated with Ambien, the severity of these symptoms include anxiety, sweating, tremors, fatigue, panic attacks and seizures, other symptoms include fever, insomnia, and high blood pressure. Those stopping Ambien should expect withdrawals symptoms like extreme mood swings, irritability, panic attacks, severe anxiety and nausea.